Conflict and debate

Some artists made works related to the art world's own debates and conflicts: controversy on taste matters, artistic preferences, genres and academic education as well as on aspects related to professional rivalry. Prints on this matter are very rare before 1700 – The Calumny of Apeles, an engraving by Cornelis Cort after a painting by Federico Zuccari, might be one of the first examples – but their number increases in France as the Age of Enlightment draws on. England is undoubtlessly the principal context for critical and satirical engravings, Hogarth it's unavoidable must-see. Less known abroad his own country is James Gillray. Nevertheless, when it comes to satire within the art world, his Titanus redivivus is perhaps one of the most ambitious, complex and original images created around 1800. Curiously enough, Goya, so critical with his own time's customs and institutions, commited but one of his Caprichos – number 41 – to incisively analizing his own trade. Included in this section as well are some odd “battles”: confronted paintings, warring engravers and battling colours.